This reflects the fundamental difference between sports spread betting and fixed odds sports betting in that both the level of winnings and level of losses are not fixed and can end up being many multiples of the original stake size selected. For example, in a cricket match a sports spread betting firm may list the spread of a team's predicted runs at — If the gambler elects to buy at and the team scores runs in total, the gambler will have won 50 unit points multiplied by their initial stake.
But if the team only scores runs then the gambler will have lost 50 unit points multiplied by their initial stake. It is important to note the difference between spreads in sports wagering in the U. In the U. In the UK betting above or below the spread does not have a known final profit or loss, with these figures determined by the number of unit points the level of the final outcome ends up being either above or below the spread, multiplied by the stake chosen by the gambler.
For UK spread betting firms, any final outcome that finishes in the middle of the spread will result in profits from both sides of the book as both buyers and sellers will have ended up making unit point losses.
So in the example above, if the cricket team ended up scoring runs both buyers at and sellers at would have ended up with losses of five unit points multiplied by their stake. This is a bet on the total number of points scored by both teams. Suppose team A is playing team B and the total is set at If the final score is team A 24, team B 17, the total is 41 and bettors who took the under will win.
If the final score is team A 30, team B 31, the total is 61 and bettors who took the over will win. The total is popular because it allows gamblers to bet on their overall perception of the game e. Example: In a football match the bookmaker believes that 12 or 13 corners will occur, thus the spread is set at 12— In North American sports betting many of these wagers would be classified as over-under or, more commonly today, total bets rather than spread bets.
However, these are for one side or another of a total only, and do not increase the amount won or lost as the actual moves away from the bookmaker's prediction. Many Nevada sports books allow these bets in parlays , just like team point spread bets.
This makes it possible to bet, for instance, team A and the over , and be paid if both. Such parlays usually pay off at odds of with no commission charge, just as a standard two-team parlay would. The mathematical analysis of spreads and spread betting is a large and growing subject. For example, sports that have simple 1-point scoring systems e. By far the largest part of the official market in the UK concerns financial instruments; the leading spread-betting companies make most of their revenues from financial markets, their sports operations being much less significant.
Financial spread betting in the United Kingdom closely resembles the futures and options markets, the major differences being. Financial spread betting is a way to speculate on financial markets in the same way as trading a number of derivatives. In particular, the financial derivative Contract for difference CFD mirrors the spread bet in many ways.
In fact, a number of financial derivative trading companies offer both financial spread bets and CFDs in parallel using the same trading platform. Unlike fixed-odds betting, the amount won or lost can be unlimited as there is no single stake to limit any loss. However, it is usually possible to negotiate limits with the bookmaker:.
Spread betting has moved outside the ambit of sport and financial markets that is, those dealing solely with share, bonds and derivatives , to cover a wide range of markets, such as house prices. Additionally, by avoiding the favourite-longshot bias , where the expected returns on bets placed at shorter odds exceed that of bets placed at the longer odds, and not betting with one's favorite team, but rather with the team that has been shown to be better when playing in a specific weather condition and time of day, the possibility of arriving at a positive outcome is increased.
In the UK and some other European countries the profit from spread betting is free from tax. The tax authorities of these countries designate financial spread betting as gambling and not investing, meaning it is free from capital gains tax and stamp duty , despite the fact that it is regulated as a financial product by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK.
Most traders are also not liable for income tax unless they rely solely on their profits from financial spread betting to support themselves. The popularity of financial spread betting in the UK and some other European countries, compared to trading other speculative financial instruments such as CFDs and futures is partly due to this tax advantage. However, this also means any losses cannot be offset against future earnings for tax calculations.
Conversely, in most other countries financial spread betting income is considered taxable. For example, the Australian Tax Office issued a decision in March saying "Yes, the gains from financial spread betting are assessable income under section or section of the ITAA ". This has resulted in a much lower interest in financial spread betting in those countries. Suppose Lloyds Bank is trading on the market at p bid, and p offer. A spread-betting company is also offering p.
We use cash bets with no definite expiry , or "rolling daily bets" as they are referred to by the spread betting companies. We use the offer price since I am "buying" the share betting on its increase. If a bet goes overnight, the bettor is charged a financing cost or receives it, if the bettor is shorting the stock.
On top of this, the bettor needs an amount as collateral in the spread-betting account to cover potential losses. The punter usually receives all dividends and other corporate adjustments in the financing charge each night. For example, suppose Lloyds Bank goes ex-dividend with dividend of The bettor receives that amount. The exact amount received varies depending on the rules and policies of the spread betting company, and the taxes that are normally charged in the home tax country of the shares.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Times. Sep 20, Archived from the original on July 19, Australian Government ATO. Retrieved 26 January Be sure to check out our sports betting glossary to assist you with some of the terms used in our sports betting guides.
As you can see, Dallas is the 4. Conversely, New York is a 4. The two most common margins of victory are three and seven because of the type of scoring in the NFL. The most common betting line for a point spread is A line on either side is like paying a tax or commission to the sportsbook.
Bettors would pay 10 percent aka juice to the sportsbook, which is essentially a fee for brokering the wager. For example, if you see If you see Typically, a point spread has odds of for either side of the bet. In the example above between the Cowboys and Giants, the point spread is 4.
A losing bet is quite simply you betting on the Cowboys You lose the money that you placed on that bet. In these cases, there may not even be a point spread available for the game and you can only bet on the moneyline. This is a very common occurrence in sports betting and sportsbooks have the full right to shift the spread or odds for any given match prior to its start. Many factors can influence a change of the spread such as injuries, the number of bets coming in for either team or the weather, to name a few.
Depending on the timing of placing the bet, the bettor can also have an advantage or a disadvantage depending on which way the spread has shifted. If bettors had wagered on Dallas on Monday, that means they would be at a disadvantage compared to bettors who waited until Thursday because the Thursday bettors now only need Dallas to win by four points instead of five. But it can also go the other way:. Yes, in fact, sportsbooks also release spreads for different points in the match like after the first quarter or first half, which is called live betting or in-game betting.
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The odds guarantee the sportsbook operator will see a little money over time. A spread of minus-seven -7 means that a is favored to win the game by a touchdown technically, a touchdown and the extra point. A team favored by -7 must win the game by eight or more points to win the bet. A loss by seven would result in a push.
A -3 spread means that the favorite must win by more than a field goal to win the wager. A three-point win would result in a push and the sportsbook would refund the wager. A three-point loss would be graded as a push by the sportsbook and the bet would be refunded. Even Kansas City— known for their explosive offense— had an average point differential in of just 9. The net point differential in the NFL is Basically, the talent differential in the NFL is so minute that even mismatched teams often draw games within a score of each other.
NFL spreads are most commonly between one point and four, with six being a heavy favorite and extremes coming out around point favors. Sportsbook operators often aim to have equal money on both sides of a point spread. When the money is exactly split the sportsbook operator will see the exact vigorish as their profit margin.
If all things are equal over time this will maximize how much money the sportsbook operator can make. The odds for a point spread might change before the actual point spread. There are certain point spread numbers, like 3 and 7 in football, the sportsbook operators would like to avoid moving away from since the final score margin falls on these two numbers most often.
For example, if a lot more money is wagered on the New England Patriots -3, the vig may shift from to and before the line moves to Football and basketball games are mostly bet using a point spread. The less popular major sports, baseball and hockey, are mostly bet using a moneyline. This has made spread betting an attractive option for many sports bettors, particularly those who work in finance and banking sectors.
However, in the last few years, more and more traditional bettors have become interested in sports spread betting. Many people view spread betting on sports to be more complicated than it actually is. If you do a bit of research you will find that the core principles are quite straight forward.
Initially spread betting markets can seem a bit confusing to the average sports bettor. As you would expect, common markets differ per sport etc. However, with any form of betting there is a learning curve. In the case of spread betting, it is not that far removed from fixed odds betting once you gain an understanding of the fundamentals. To make it easy to digest, we have put together overviews of spread betting markets for each major sport. These are a good starting point to gain an understanding of spread betting on sports.
Licensed in Ireland Remember you can win or lose more than your original stake. Telephone Calling from outside of Ireland? Remember you can win or lose more than your original stake. Please Bet Responsibly. Please note: spread betting can result in losses greater than your initial deposit or credit limit. For more information see here. Securely processed by Secure Trading. In the meantime you can deposit into the following bank accounts using your name as the reference. During this time you can withdraw funds by bank transfer to your Great British Pound or Euro bank account.
We apologise for the inconvenience and if you have any queries you can contact us via accounts starspreads. View open bets. Your list of bets has been updated. Please view your open bets and your account history. Your bet has been accepted and is available in your Open Bets page. Welcome to Star Spreads Did you know our trading team can populate this betslip for you? Request a bet now. Events Menu. Sport Description. However, in the last few years, more and more traditional bettors have become interested in sports spread betting Difference Between Sports Spread Betting and Fixed Odds Betting Sports spread betting is different from fixed odds betting as follows: You bet against the spread by buying at the higher price or selling at the lower price You can close out for a profit during the event if the market goes in your favour or for a loss if it has gone against you You can bet on an index of points allocated to events that occur The more you beat the spread by the more you win Many people view spread betting on sports to be more complicated than it actually is.
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A spread is a range of outcomes and the bet is whether the outcome will be above or below the spread. Spread betting has been a major growth market in the UK in recent years, with the number of gamblers heading towards one million. The general purpose of spread betting is to create an active market for both sides of a binary wager , even if the outcome of an event may appear prima facie to be biased towards one side or the other.
In a sporting event a strong team may be matched up against a historically weaker team; almost every game has a favorite and an underdog. If the wager is simply "Will the favorite win? The point spread is essentially a handicap towards the underdog.
The wager becomes "Will the favorite win by more than the point spread? This allows a bookmaker to act as a market maker by accepting wagers on both sides of the spread. The bookmaker charges a commission , or vigorish , and acts as the counterparty for each participant.
As long as the total amount wagered on each side is roughly equal, the bookmaker is unconcerned with the actual outcome; profits instead come from the commissions. To profit, the bookmaker must pay one side or both sides less than this notional amount.
In practice, spreads may be perceived as slightly favoring one side, and bookmakers often revise their odds to manage their event risk. One important assumption is that to be credited with a win, either team only needs to win by the minimum of the rules of the game, without regard to the margin of victory. This implies that teams in a winning position will not necessarily try to extend their margin—and more importantly, each team is only playing to win rather than to beat the point spread.
This assumption does not necessarily hold in all situations. For example, at the end of a season, the total points scored by a team can affect future events such as playoff seeding and positioning for the amateur draft, and teams may "run up" the score in such situations. In virtually all sports, players and other on-field contributors are forbidden from being involved in sports betting and thus have no incentive to consider the point spread during play; any attempt to manipulate the outcome of a game for gambling purposes would be considered match fixing , and the penalty is typically a lifetime banishment from the sport; such is the lack of tolerance for manipulating the result of a sporting event for such purposes.
Spread betting was invented by Charles K. McNeil , a mathematics teacher from Connecticut who became a bookmaker in Chicago in the s. An example:. Spreads are frequently, though not always, specified in half-point fractions to eliminate the possibility of a tie, known as a push. In the event of a push, the game is considered no action , and no money is won or lost. However, this is not a desirable outcome for the sports book, as they are forced to refund every bet, and although both the book and its bettors will be even, if the cost of overhead is taken into account, the book has actually lost money by taking bets on the event.
Sports books are generally permitted to state "ties win" or "ties lose" to avoid the necessity of refunding every bet. Betting on sporting events has long been the most popular form of spread betting. Whilst most bets the casino offers to players have a built in house edge, betting on the spread offers an opportunity for the astute gambler. When a casino accepts a spread bet, it gives the player the odds of 10 to 11, or That means that for every 11 dollars the player wagers, the player will win 10, slightly lower than an even money bet.
If team A is playing team B, the casino is not concerned with who wins the game; they are only concerned with taking an equal amount of money of both sides. This is the house edge. The goal of the casino is to set a line that encourages an equal amount of action on both sides, thereby guaranteeing a profit. This also explains how money can be made by the astute gambler.
If casinos set lines to encourage an equal amount of money on both sides, it sets them based on the public perception of the team, not necessarily the real strength of the teams. Many things can affect public perception, which moves the line away from what the real line should be. This gap between the Vegas line, the real line, and differences between other sports books betting lines and spreads is where value can be found.
A teaser is a bet that alters the spread in the gambler's favor by a predetermined margin — in American football the teaser margin is often six points. For example, if the line is 3. In return for the additional points, the payout if the gambler wins is less than even money , or the gambler must wager on more than one event and both events must win. In this way it is very similar to a parlay. At some establishments, the "reverse teaser" also exists, which alters the spread against the gambler, who gets paid at more than evens if the bet wins.
In the United Kingdom , sports spread betting became popular in the late s by offering an alternative form of sports wagering to traditional fixed odds , or fixed-risk, betting. With fixed odds betting , a gambler places a fixed-risk stake on stated fractional or decimal odds on the outcome of a sporting event that would give a known return for that outcome occurring or a known loss if that outcome doesn't occur the initial stake.
The spread on offer will refer to the betting firm's prediction on the range of a final outcome for a particular occurrence in a sports event, e. The more right the gambler is then the more they will win, but the more wrong they are then the more they can lose. The level of the gambler's profit or loss will be determined by the stake size selected for the bet, multiplied by the number of unit points above or below the gambler's bet level. This reflects the fundamental difference between sports spread betting and fixed odds sports betting in that both the level of winnings and level of losses are not fixed and can end up being many multiples of the original stake size selected.
For example, in a cricket match a sports spread betting firm may list the spread of a team's predicted runs at — If the gambler elects to buy at and the team scores runs in total, the gambler will have won 50 unit points multiplied by their initial stake. But if the team only scores runs then the gambler will have lost 50 unit points multiplied by their initial stake. It is important to note the difference between spreads in sports wagering in the U.
In the U. In the UK betting above or below the spread does not have a known final profit or loss, with these figures determined by the number of unit points the level of the final outcome ends up being either above or below the spread, multiplied by the stake chosen by the gambler.
For UK spread betting firms, any final outcome that finishes in the middle of the spread will result in profits from both sides of the book as both buyers and sellers will have ended up making unit point losses. So in the example above, if the cricket team ended up scoring runs both buyers at and sellers at would have ended up with losses of five unit points multiplied by their stake.
This is a bet on the total number of points scored by both teams. Football and basketball have moneyline bets available too, but most people will take the point spread. The point spread was created to attract more action on a game. But when the 49ers are point favorites and each side is odds? In that example, the 49ers are spotting the Cardinals 11 points before the game starts, at least for bettors. The 49ers have to win by 12 or more points to cover the spread.
If the Cardinals win or lose by 10 or less, that side wins the bet. Nothing sharpens your math skills better than trying to figure out how big your lead as a bettor is if you have a You, as a bettor, are not.
Duke was a 2. The Huskies rallied late and took a lead on a free throw with 3. But Duke guard Chris Duhon pulled up for a running 3-pointer just over the half-court line and banked it in at the buzzer. Duke lost , but bettors who had Duke and 2. UConn players celebrated at the final buzzer. UConn bettors doubled over in pain.